Large scale structure of the Universe. Formation and dynamics of the cosmic web, of clusters and groups of galaxies. simple collapse models for the dark matter. Physics of intergalactic and intracluster gas. Heating and cooling mechanisms. Chemical enrichment of intergalactic and intracluster gas. Observations of clusters of galaxies in X-ray and microwave bands, Lyalpha and Xray-forest. Estimate of the mass of clusters of galaxies: dynamical methods, observations in Xray and microwave bands, gravitational lenses. Cosmology with clusters of galaxies: mass function, scaling laws.
The course aims at providing students with an advanced preparation in Physics, including knowledges of specialized topics of the on-going research in Astrophysics. Learning outcomes include advanced knowledge in quantum mechanics, mathematical methods applied in Physics and some aspects about the structure of matter.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students must demonstrate a deep understanding of the most important theories of modern physics and of the current observational constraints on these theories. They must also know the state-of-the-art about galaxy clusters. Tests of these knowledges and understanding capabilities will be performed through laboratories and oral exams.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students must be able to identify the key elements of a physical problem, and model this problem using the relevant approximations. They might also have to a show capabilities in adapting existing models to new observations.
Students have to demonstrate some independence in performing computation and experiments. They will have to develop capabilities in performing efficient bilbliographic researchs.
Students should show abilities in presenting their own research results or the outcome of a bibliographic research in front of expert or broader audiences.
Students must show their ability in tackling new fields with some level of independence. They should acquire capabilities in pursuing their studies within a doctoral school or other schools of specialization.