Atoms and periodic table. The chemical bond. The chemical equations. The gaseous state. The solid state. The liquid state: solutions and properties. Chemical thermodynamics. The chemical equilibria in homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Acid-base, precipitation, redox, complexation reactions and equilibria. Electrochemistry. Chemical kinetics.
The course consists of lectures, classroom exercises, and laboratory experiences. The course provides the student with a basic chemistry preparation. The aim of the course, through case studies and laboratory activities, is to make the student understand how the chemical elements, the binding properties and the structure of chemical compounds affect all the properties of the matter.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students must acquire the basic principles of Chemistry, in terms of knowledge of the general properties of the elements, of the bonds that define the structure of the compounds and of the fundamental laws that govern their chemical and physical transformations.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students must have the ability to evaluate the balance of simple chemical reactions and to solve simple problems with ideal gases, solution concentrations, dilution problems, equilibria in the gas phase, in aqueous solution and in heterogeneous systems. The verification of the learning results is carried out with written tests, aimed at ascertaining the student's ability to apply the acquired knowledge, and with a final oral exam.
Students must be able to critically analyze experimental data. They must be able to do autonomous bibliographic research using chemistry and technical books and to develop familiarity with scientific journals. Finally, they must be able to use the electronic archives available on the WEB for scientific research and to make the necessary selection of the available information.
They must be able to present their research or the results of a bibliographic search to an audience of both specialists and not. They have sufficient knowledge of English to understand scientific texts.Furthermore, the capacity for expression is stimulated by using terms rigorous and comprehensible. Through workgroup in the laboratory and by the presentation of results, the student will develop the ability to interact with other people of similar cultural preparation or in related disciplines. The student will develop the ability to support a contradictory and to cultivate the critical spirit and ability to synthesize.
They must have acquired an understanding of the nature and ways of research in chemistry and how this is strictly applicable to many fields of physics and beyond. They must be able to deal with their chemistry unknowns through self-study.