Kinematics and Dynamics of a particle. Dynamics of systems of particles and of rigid bodies. Statics. Universal gravitation. Kepler's laws. Static and dynamic properties of fluids.
Zeroth law of thermodynamics. First law of thermodynamics. Ideal and real gases. Kinetic theory of gases. Second law of thermodynamics. Entropy. Introduction to the third law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic potentials.
The course aims to provide students with the knowledge of classical physics (mechanics, hydrodynamics and thermodynamics) and basic principles of special relativity, through lectures and exercises.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students will acquire knowledge of classical basic physics (mechanics, hydrodynamics and thermodynamics) and of fundamentals of special relativity. They will also have to gain insight on how to read a basic physics textbook, how to organize the study of a proposed topics and how to verify the acquired knowledge
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
At the end of the course the students will become familiar with the scientific method and will be able to apply it in the representation and modeling of physical problems and their verification. They will be able to identify the key elements of a simple physical problem, to model it applying the needed approximations, and to use and interconnect the various concepts learned.
Students will have to be able to critically analyze a specific topic or problem and perform autonomous bibliographic research by consulting textbooks, scientific journals, electronic archives available on the WEB, making the necessary selection of information available.
Students will acquire the capability to illustrate a topic in a clear and precise way (through a presentation or answers to specific questions), highlighting the most relevant aspects and providing explanatory examples.
At the end of the course the students will have acquired the skills to face an unknown topic, to understand it and to solve specific related problems, in order to apply this same approach to fields possibly different from physics itself and to face future studies with a good level of autonomy