Hadron spectroscopy: scattering theory, partial wave amplitudes and cross sections. Argand plots and resonances. Examples of baryonic resonances. Constituent quarks. SU(3) and quark models. Internal nucleon structure: form factors. Elastic and inelastic electron scattering on nucleons and nuclei. Deep inelastic scattering and nucleon structure functions. Parton model. Neutrinos deep inelastic scattering. Quark and anti-quark distribution functions. Longitudinally polarized deep inelastic scattering. Asymmetries and g1 and g2 polarized structure functions. Deep inelastic experiments with un- polarized and polarized beams and targets. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Polarized targets. Nucleon- nucleon interactions. Exchange operators. Nucleon-nucleon scattering. The deuteron.
The class is organized in lessons with the aim of providing advanced knowledge in nuclear physics. The experimental and theoretical notions of strong interactions that act inside nuclei and are at the base nucleons spectrum and structure, are illustrated.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Through the course students will acquire advanced knowledge of nuclear and hadronic physics. Students will be able to understand the nature of the strong interaction acting among nucleons and among their constituents: the quarks. Students will understand the properties of the nuclei, the nucleons excited staes and their internal structure. They will know how to use different electromangntic and hadronic probes to study the working of strong interactions. Students will study the applications of nuclear fusion and fission reactions to energy production.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
Students at the end of the course will be able to apply their knowledge and understanding in order to demonstrate a professional approach in the field of nuclear and hadronic physics and their applications. They will be able to connect the theoretical formulation of an interaction with the experimental measurements, including from latest generation experiments.
At the end of the course the students will have learned to be rigorous in the addressing nuclear physics problems, in the formulation of new hypotheses and critical in the analysis of experimental data.The students must be able to independently perform bibliographic searches, connecting the experimental activities and the theoretical frameworks.
Student shall be able to explain analytically and with scientific rigor both theoretical approaches ad experimental observations that lead to the understanding of strong interactions and nuclear and hadronic physics. They should be able to summarize the most recent experimental results in a quantitative way.
Moreover they will be able to do autonomous bibliographic searches using sector books, and also to develop familiarity with some specific magazines and with the information available on the internet. The student shall be able to move comfortably and autonomously towards further studies in the latest areas. The student will acquire the elements needed to pursue studies at doctoral level or further specialisation Master level.