Thermodynamic. Reversibility and Irreversibility. Thermodynamic State Variable and Functions. Kinetic theory of gas. Thermodynamics of real gasses. First Principle of Thermodynamics. Thermochemistry. Thermal Engines. Efficiency. Second Principle of Thermodynamics. Entropy in chemical systems. Third Principle of Thermodynamic. Helmoholtz Free Energy. Gibbs Free Energy. Chemical Potential. Phase Transitions. Multicomponent systems. Solutions. Miscibility gap. Solubility. Colligative Properties. Multicomponents phase diagrams. Eutectic. Chemical reactions in gas phase. Chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium Constant. Dependence of the equilibrium constant from temperature. Chemical Kinetics. Phenomenological laws of chemical kinetics. Rate constants. Arrhenius law. Elements of Molecular Spectroscopy. Interaction between electromagnetic radiation and matter, resonance, spectroscopy notions. Spectroscopic properties of gas, liquids and solids. Photochemical and explosive reactions.
LEARNING OUTCOMES: Acquisition of fundamental knowledge of thermodynamics of systems, equilibrium processes and chemical kinetics. Basic of molecular spectroscopy. Some topics of the course will be the subject of laboratory experiences aimed at tackling experimental problems and consolidating theoretical knowledge.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: The course will allow to acquire the knowledge of all the parameters describing the states of aggregation of matter, its transformations, the exchange of energy with the environment, with particular focus to chemical reactions (spontaneity, equilibrium, kinetics, catalysis). The course also aims at the development of the students observation and analysis skills through experimental procedures aimed at determining the physical-chemical parameters studied during the course.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: The course aims to provide tools for understanding the fundamental principles, laws and energy aspects that drive the chemical reactions and the physical transformations. The student will acquire the ability to elaborate and present the collected experimental data in a proper scientific language.