Introduction to plasmas. Particle motions in electromagnetic fields and adiabatic invariants. Collision theory in plasmas. Statitical description and Klimontovich's equation for plasmas: from kinetic to fluid description. Magnetohydrodynamic equations. Conditions for the hydromagnetic equilibrium: Force-free equilibrium, equilibrium condition of Ferraro and equation of Grad-Shafranov. Plasma instabilities. Magnetohydrodynamic waves. Plasma waves. Hints on magnetic helicity and topologies. Introduction to magnetic reconnection and magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
To acquire the basic notions on the description of the space and laboratory plasmas: particle motion in electromagnetic fields, kinetic and fluid description of plasmas, magnetohydrodynamics description, plasma waves and instabilities. Some advanced concepts on the evolution and description of out-of-equilibrium plasmas: magnetic reconnectiona nd magnetohydrodynamic turbulence
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
basic principles and phenomenology of space (astrophysics) and laboratory plasma
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
to apply the basic principles of the plasma physics to get a quantitative description of the observed phenomena
capacity to extract independently the fundamental information on the plasma dynamics and to be capable of discerning the relevance of the works in the specific field.
capacity to describe the phenomenology and the influence of plasma dynamycs on the natural processes in space, astrophysics and laboratory to both a specialized and not-specialized audience
capacity to unterstand the importance of the different elements determining the dynamics of space, astrophysics and laboratory plasmas.