Mechanics: phenomena, experiments and measurements. Vectors. Kinematics and dynamics of a single particle. Inertial and non-inertial frames of reference. Work and energy. Harmonic motion. Dynamics of a system of particles. Elastic and inelastic collisions. Dynamics of a rigid body. Basic elements of the theory of special relativity. Experiment of Michelson and Morley. Lorentz transformation equations.
Calorimetry. Heat and temperature. First principle of thermodynamics. Ideal and real gases. Second principle of thermodynamics. Entropy. Thermodynamic potentials. Third principle of thermodynamics.
LEARNING OUTCOMES: To know and understand the theoretical basis and the experimental evidence of classical mechanics (kinematics and dynamics of a material point, rigid bodies dynamics) and classical thermodynamics.
The teacher introduces the students to the scientific method (that is the true basis of classical physics), explaining and applying the laws governing the behaviour of the different physical systems studied, by using existing relations among measurable physical quantities, and always outlining how a quantitative evaluation is necessary and important to solve the proposed physics exercises and problems.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING: The students must acquire and develop what is the fundamental knowledge in classical mechanics and thermodynemaics, to understand the meaning of physical laws and how they are related to experimental results.