Introduction to some of the most significant items: investigation on solar neutrinos, on the dark matter of the Universe, on solar axions, on the double beta decay processes, on the stability of matter and on other rare decays. Principal methodologies for an effective design of a reliable experiment. Analysis of the main dedicated experimental techniques. Comparative description of some well-known experiments and mention to the characteristics required for the experimental devices of the next generation.
The course of study is aimed at providing an advanced preparation in Physics, with knowledge of specialized topics of recent research in the areas of Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics, with particular regard to Physics activities in underground laboratories. The educational aims include knowledge of quantum physics, mathematical methods of physics and some topics of the structure of the matter.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
The students should have an in-depth understanding of the most important theories of modern physics and related experimental problems. The verification of knowledge and comprehension skills is done through the preparation of short thesis and oral examination.
APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
The students should be able to identify the essential elements of the research topics in physics at underground laboratories. They should be able to understand existing models, even complex experimental apparata, and physics implications.